Wellness Effects of EMF Radiation

The radiation from RF-EMF can cause damages to DNA and tissue, and disrupt the blood-brain barrier. These effects are real, and ARPANSA is active in collaborating in discussions with EHS group, the medical experts and researchers. The agency will continue examine research regarding the health effects caused by EMF radiation.

DNA damage is caused by RF-EMF
exposed to electromagnetic fields that are created by man (EMFs) can cause DNA damage, as well as other health consequences. EMFs can affect the intracellular ionic concentrations that are crucial to maintain the electrochemical balance of cells. In turn, this can alter the balance of cell metabolism, resulting in DNA damage. Furthermore exposure to EMFs is also linked to an overproduction of free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS).

The exposure to radiation from RF-EMF has been linked with alterations in the male germ cell's development. This is due to the differentiation of the germ cell into spermatozoa, aswell functioning maturation when the spermatozoa move across the epididymis. To study the sensitivity of RF-EMF exposure to male germ cell development A specially designed waveguide machine was designed to expose unrestrained mice to RF EME with a dose of 2.2 W/kg.

In a recent study researchers found that exposure to RF-EME triggered an oxidative DNA damage to spermatozoa. Sperm DNA fragmentation increased by 18% after one week of treatment and by 23 percent after five weeks. Furthermore, DNA damage in mitochondria was observed by measuring the level of a biomarker, 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG).

However, RF-EMF radiation is not yet recognized as a true carcinogen. However, several studies have found that exposure to RF-EMF radiation can damage DNA health in variety of cell lines. In one of these studies, scientists were exposed Vero cells with an EMF at 100 Hz over about 45 minutes. They assessed DNA damage for at 48 hours following exposure to determine if the exposure affected DNA integrity.

RF-EMF causes tissue heating

Although the effects of RF EMF are typically considered to be thermal, a few studies have shown that non-thermal influences are also evident. These factors could be responsible for some of the unsolved issues in epidemiological studies on EMF hypersensitivity. It is therefore important to consider the non-thermal effects when conducting a systematic review.

emf radiation protection -thermal effects from RF-EMF could be mediated by the cell membrane. This is a field which has already been extensively investigated. Particularly the electrochemical properties of cell membranes has been studied. The current understanding is that RF-EMF energy higher than 1 MHz is transferred to the tissue via dielectric dissipation and ionic discharge. Previous theoretical analyses indicated that the energy transferred to the tissue could be as high as 200 kV/m.

The electric properties of tissues are regulated by the composition and distribution of water molecules, ions and other molecules within the body. This determines how absorbent EMR from RF is absorbed by different tissues. Tissues with higher conductivity tend to absorb more of the field and cause more of an impact. This is the reason why the amount of heat generated by tissue doesn't increase continuously from outside to inside and is only noticeable in hot spots. Bone and fatty tissues are less susceptible to RF heating as compared to other tissues, since they have a low water content.

The intensity of the field's penetration depends on the frequency and strength of field. Muscle tissue is more able to absorb field energy than other tissues, and transforms it into heat more efficiently. Usually, the depth of penetration that RFEMF has is measured as millimeters (mm). The greater the frequency, the deeper the penetration.

RF-EMF causes blood-brain barrier disruption
Researchers have found that RF-EMF could disrupt the blood-brain barrier which can alter sleep patterns and neurotransmitter levels. In addition, the effects of EMF in brain activities are linked to neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, EMF from mobile phones can alter electroencephalogram activity as well as sleep patterns, in addition to the activity of nitric oxide and xanthin oxide.

Researchers at Vienna University have studied the effects of exposure to RF-EMF on brain cells. They also examined what effects ELF EMF on nervous system. Although the cellular mechanisms that are involved aren't fully comprehended, there is a clear association between ELF-EMF exposure and depletion of myelin. This relationship might account for the electro-hypersensitivity symptoms of electro-hypersensitivity. However, there are proven methods for regenerating myelin in the brain.

Researchers have found that exposure to 900 millimeters EMF enhanced the permeability of the BBB and increased signs of neuronal damage in rats. They also observed an increase in the extravasation of neuronal albumin. Additionally, they observed in 30 minutes exposure at 900 MHz 99mTc-MIBI accelerated its diffusion into the brain. However, this effect did not occur with Evans blue-based injections.

Despite these findings, RF EMF is not able to provide a definitive mechanism to disrupt the BBB. Evidence suggests that non-thermal EMF exposure increases erythrocyte membrane permeability. This could alter the BBB and increase the efflux of calcium ions. Moreover, the presence of a 99mTc-MIBI radiotracer within the brain is also linked to increasing the permeability and permeability of the BBB.

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